22. March 2021

Optimising use of antibiotics for Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis (SAP)


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a serious threat in Georgia and beyond. While in Georgia, actions to contain the development and spread of AMR have mainly focused on strengthening the surveillance systems and implementing modern methods for infection prevention and control; no concrete actions have been implemented to establish Antimicrobial stewardship programs [ASPs].


In Georgia, as in many other parts of the world, there is a worrisome inappropriate use of antibiotics for surgical prophylaxis characterised by a high use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and prolonged dosing.

Project overview

The project will be implemented in ten hospitals, and it will target the following most performed surgical procedures: herniorrhaphy, hip joint surgery, endoprosthesis, and Caesarean section. The implementation of the ASP is organized across four Work Packages (WPs)
1. Project management
2. Systematic implementation of a mixed methods approach, including development of the WHO toolkit for antimicrobial stewardship including:

  • development of context-specific SAP guidelines,
  • education & training of the clinical teams on the guidelines systematic data collection, analysis and reporting of data.
  • implementation of active surveillance of surgical site infections (SSI)
  • implementation of the quality improvement methodology (Plan-Do-Study-Act-Adjust)

3. Tailored Antimicrobial Resistance Program (TAP), qualitative methodology to identify the context-specific organizational and behavioral factors that support implementation and scale-up of the ASP.
4. Economic evaluation


This project aims to foster the appropriate use of antibiotics for Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis (SAP) in selected departments of Georgian hospitals by implementing an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP). The project aims to achieve 60% SAP guideline compliance within 12 months of launching the ASP. The main outcome measure is percentage of compliance with the four components of the SAP guideline which covers:

  1.  antibiotic choice
  2. dose
  3. timing
  4. duration of prophylaxis.

Other outcomes include assessment of the prevalence of surgical site infections (SSI’s) for the selected procedures, and increased understanding of the context-specific organizational, behavioral and economic factors that support implementation and scale-up of the ASP.

This project will strengthen antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) at hospital level in Georgia by facilitating the establishment of a coalition of good practice centers in which key stakeholders such as the MoH, Public Health authorities, clinicians, managers of the hospitals, WHO-EURO and ICARS can demonstrate the relevance and sustainability of implementing AMS programs within the Georgian context.

Gloria Cristina Cordoba Currea, AMR Advisor, ICARS


Region: Europe

Sector: Humans

Country: Georgia

Type: Project

Country partners: WHO Europe, Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Labour, Health and Social Affairs (MoH), National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC), Healthcare professionals from selected hospitals, Georgian academic institutions.

Timescale: 1 September 2021 - 30 August 2024

ICARS funding: 499.960 USD

Lead Advisor

Gloria Cristina Córdoba Currea
Mobile (+45) 30 71 58 81
Mail gloriac@icars-global.org
Nandini Sreenivasan
Mobile (+45) 30 89 74 27
Mail nsr@icars-global.org
Annick Lenglet
Mobile (+45) 30 91 22 35
Mail anle@icars-global.org