16. March 2022

Supporting National Action Plans on AMR in Africa through contextualised tools for Implementation Research


Region: Africa Sector: One Health Country: Zambia Project type: Supporting project Country partners: ReAct Africa Timescale: 1 September 2021 - 30 August 2023 ICARS funding: 219,908 USD


Most countries globally have drafted National Action Plans (NAPs) for AMR across the One Health spectrum. Most countries are however struggling to implement the proposed activities as part of these NAPs. The challenges surrounding implementation vary between countries and can include: limited coordination of activities, lack of financial and human resources to implement activities, limited situational analysis on AMR in countries etc.


NAP implementation in countries in Africa is challenged by the limited availability of context specific tools and guidance to help prioritisation and implementation of activities.

“Translating policy into action requires context specific tools addressing local challenges in LMIC.”

ReAct Africa

Project Overview

The aim of the project is to develop and disseminate practical context-specific guidance and applied tools that will support NAP implementation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), with a focus on the African context. This will include a standardized process for conducting situational analyses validated in Zambia, amongst other new and adapted tools and outputs.


ReAct has gathered multiple tools in the ‘ReAct Toolbox’ to help support countries implement their NAPs. There is a need to assess existing tools to understand their utility, and then identify and fill gaps to support NAP implementation through clear and specific guidance. This project aims to improve the ability for African countries to implement challenging sections of their NAP through relevant and tailored guidance within national or sub-national contexts.

“ReAct Africa is uniquely placed to identify the gaps and needs of African countries to help implement their National Action Plans on AMR. ICARS is privileged to co-develop this work with them.”

Annick Lenglet, AMR Advisor, ICARS